Într-un articol extins elaborat în contextul Summit-ului de la Riga, expertul asociat Denis Cenușă abordează dilemele cu care se confruntă Moldova după summit-ul din 2013 de la Vilnius.
Citește aici articolul în engleză, între paginile 47-63.
European integration has become a hard “dilemma issue” for the majority of the Eastern Partnership countries since the Vilnius EaP Summit in November 2013. Some countries had to pay a high price to protect and ensure their right to follow European integration. In the case of Moldova, the pro-European rhetoric was strongly connected with dynamic competition between the pro-EU and pro-Russia political parties. The major political goal of the pro European political parties was to maintain control over the decision-making process in the country after the elections in November 2014, thereby reducing the chances for the pro-Russia counterparties to trigger the abandonment of the European agenda. On the other hand, the reform agenda, stemming from the provisions of the Association Agreement, signed in June 2014, has registered low performance in keysectors: justice, good governance and fight against corruption. These issues have formed the core of substantiated criticism, formulated more often tha once by the EU and other development partners. Nevertheless, the former pro-European coalition is associated with significant achievements in the dialogue with the EU. It refers to the visa liberalization that started functioning in April 2014, and to the first outcomes of the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA), in place since September 2014.
Overall, the expectations towards the new pro-European coalition, both at home and in the European capitals, are higher than for previous governments, with a large dose of skepticism. This partially derives from the urgent need to step up the reforms and provide tangible outcomes for citizens amid an unstable geopolitical landscape, where the EU’s “soft” tools are counteracted by Russia’s combination of “hard-soft” powers. Also, the Association Agreement with the EU has entered its active phase and the EU is looking for more outcomes. This situation demands reassurance from the Moldovan pro-European coalition, regarding its unchanged attachment to European integration, by carrying out hard and painful reforms. Concomitantly, a review and adjustment of the EU’s “conditionality” approach is required. Moreover, the EU needs to build an efficient communication strategy in order to empower and galvanize the reformist energies within the civil society, and for improving its own image in Moldova.