Centrul Analitic Independnet „Expert-Grup” are onoarea de a vă invita să participați la evenimentul public online „Întreprinderile de stat în contextul pandemiei COVID-19: impact și recomandări”, eveniment la care vom lansa studiile: „Companiile de stat: de ce există și ce impact aduc economiei” și „Criza COVID în companiile de stat”, realizate de Centrul Analitic Independent „Expert-Grup” cu suportul financiar al Fundației Soros Moldova.
Studiul „Companiile de stat: de ce există și ce impact aduc economiei” își propune să prezinte o analiză complexă, dar și comprimată în același timp, privind companiile de stat din Republica Moldova și să stimuleze discuții vizionare privind reformarea acestui sector.
În același timp, studiul „Criza COVID-19 în companiile de stat” prezintă siatuația acestor entități în contextual pandemiei: cum au fost afectate companiile de stat, care este rolul acestora în perioade de criză și ce măsuri ar putea să întreprindă Guvernul pentru a le susține.
La eveniment sunt așteptați reprezentanți ai instituțiilor de stat, societății civile, misiunilor diplomatice acreditate în Republica Moldova, partenerilor de dezvotare și comunității de experți.
Evenimentul se va desfășura online, pe data de 10 decembrie, 2020, la ora 10.00, pe platforma Zoom.us.
Event registration form
De asemenea, ne puteți contacta la numărul de telefon: 068 430 963, pentru a ne adresa întrebări adiționale sau a face precizări referitoare la eveniment. Persoana de contact: Natalia Volontir, comunicatoare „Expert-Grup”.
Denis Cenusa, Research Assistant at the Institut für Politikwiesenschaft, Justus-Liebig Universität and Associated Expert, Think-Tank ”Expert-Grup”, conducted today, December, 2, the webinar ”Energy integration in the EU via interconnections: Moldova and the EaP” - one of six webinars that are part of online course for civil society organisations from the Eastern Partnership countries on Sectoral Accountability in the Energy Sector.
The webinars will provide a deep-dive into different topics relevant for the EaP countries - Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova, Armenia, Belarus, Ukraine. Each country webinar will be adapted to the energy market and framework of the respective country and will focus on country-specific issues.
Download the Dionis Cenusa's presentation below.
One of the main tools of the state to make the population responsible for the protection of the environment is the application of environmental taxes. Unfortunately, in the Republic of Moldova this instrument is not fully exploited, and consequently the degree of responsibility of both the population and the economic agents towards the environment is low.
Another problem in the field is the process if obtaining the permits, a process that often involves certain costs of complying with the specific requirements of environmental protection. Unfortunately, at the moment the classification and estimation of these costs is not fully done by the authorities, the release fees not being based on a clear calculation formula. Moreover, the setting of fees remains the responsibility of Parliament, which can lead to losses in the event of long-term updates.One of the main tools of the state to make the population responsible for the protection of the environment is the application of environmental taxes. Unfortunately, in the Republic of Moldova this instrument is not fully exploited, and consequently the degree of responsibility of both the population and the economic agents towards the environment is low.
The first study “Regulatory cost: How to calculate the fee for issuing permissive documents in the field of environment? presents the evaluation of the way of establishing the fees for issuing permits in the field of environment. It is aimed at identifying and exposing a rational mechanism for setting taxes based on the provisions of the current legislative framework and the Government's commitments in this regard.
The second study "Applying fiscal-budgetary instruments in solving environmental problems" aims to evaluate the efficiency of fiscal-budgetary instruments (environmental taxes and environmental expenditures for the environment) used to implement environmental policies, as well as to identify the problems which affect solving the problems in the field. Also, environmental taxes and expenditures are addressed from the perspective of the most pressing issues and analyze whether they are able to improve the state of the environment in the Republic of Moldova.
On December 8, starting at 10:00, we invite you to an online discussion (Zoom) upon these studies. Representatives of the Ministry of Agriculture, Regional Development and Environment, the Environment Agency, representatives of other specialized institutions, development partners, the community of experts and civil society are invited to the event.
Event registration form
Financed by Sweden
The Independent Think-Tank "Expert-Grup" in cooperation with the Institute for European Policies and Reforms (IPRE) organized, on Friday, November 27, 2020, the First Annual Forum on Participatory Budgeting held within the project ", co-financed by the European Union and the Konrad Adenauer Foundation.
, reflected on the opportunities and challenges of implementing the principles of budgetary participation at central and local level. The aim of the forum was to raise awareness of policy makers, local public authorities, civil society, the donor community and the media on the importance of transparency and budgetary participation, as essential conditions for ensuring the inclusion and effectiveness of the budgetary process.
In his opening remarks, Adrian Lupusor, Executive Director, Independent Think-Tank "Expert-Grup", mentioned: "The event is launched in a very important context, because at the moment the local public authorities are involved in the process of working and consultations on budgets for next year, and through this forum we want to motivate mayors to become more open with regards to the participatory concept of budgeting. The involvement of local communities in the budgetary process is crucial for ensuring an efficient management of resources and, respectively, for increasing the role of local budgets in the development processes of localities."
In his part, Adrian Ermurachi, Deputy Secretary General of the Government of the Republic of Moldova, claimed: “It is very important to consult the citizens on issues of particular importance to the community, mainly those of local interest, such as improving road infrastructure, medical services, installation of aqueduct systems, etc., as well as involvement in drafting decision making projects. Citizens 'trust in public administration is one of the fundamental aspects of democracy, and the level of citizens' involvement in decision-making processes is closely correlated with the quality of public administration and its ability to engage in a constructive dialogue with the citizens. The quality of life and the comfort of the citizen in a democratic state depends on the quality of the act of governing ”.
"The European Union encourages the promotion of an active role of citizens and civil society organizations in the Republic of Moldova in the process of monitoring reforms. The Republic of Moldova has made significant progress in establishing a legal framework for the transparency of public finances and the involvement of civil society in the budgetary process. However, there are multiple challenges in implementing these practices, especially at the local level. Providing public access to information on budgetary processes at the local level will contribute to budgetary transparency and have a positive impact on indicators of socio-economic and human development, this will also help increase competitiveness and reduce corruption ". Gintautas Baranauskas, Deputy Head of the Operations Section of the European Union Delegation to the Republic of Moldova, stated.
Stephan Malerius, Deputy Head of the Finance and Project Management Department, Konrad Foundation (KAS), Germany, considers : “Public budgets represent the basis for development. They are an essential tool that covers the needs of citizens, whether it is health, education or other relevant areas. The most important thing is to generate all potential resources and use them efficiently in order to provide public services. Here we are talking about transparency and how the Government conveys the message to the private sector and what is the effect of the social impact of these decisions. We need to focus on building a relationship of trust with citizens. Budgetary participation is one of the most democratic instruments and is connected to the mobilization of citizens through policies designed to bring efficiency. It is a great responsibility to include people in this process, because this is how the community decides how to spend public money, bringing maximum transparency”.
"The participatory budget must primarily tackle the improvement of life’s quality in the community, by encouraging citizens to get involved in defining priorities and investment objectives in the local budget. It must be an open, transparent and inclusive process through which community members can be directly involved in formulating decisions on spending priorities from the local budget ", said Tatiana Ivanicichina, State Secretary, Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Moldova.
The event was structured in two panels. During the first panel the participants discussed the strategic directions, at high level, on the current situation of transparency and openness of the budget process, recent trends in the region in terms of budgetary participation, and the strategic vision of promoting budgetary participation in the Republic of Moldova.
Igor Munteanu, Chairman of the Parliamentary Committee on Public Finance Control, said: "Budget transparency is a veto and accountability factor of all public institutions in a democratic state, as well as a guarantee of increasing the trust of citizens and external partners in the decision-making process. Therefore, the amplification of the mechanisms for citizen participation in this pluralistic process is a condition for the vitality of the political system and for the legitimization of the democratic process. Our commission carries out parliamentary scrutiny of the way state institutions collect financial resources and evaluate audit reports. I would like to draw some conclusions. First, performance has unfortunately not become the central criterion for the allocation of public resources and their use. The second is that the process of strategic budget planning continues to be difficult and non-transparent and decisions are often politicized and imperfect. These shortcomings that we identify hinder the good achievement of budgetary transparency and it is imperative to train the involved actors to establish a macro-financial framework as realistic as possible.
In his turn, Marian Lupu, President of the Court of Accounts, mentioned: “An orderly, transparent and efficient system of tax collection and the proper use of these means is in fact the thing that underlies the state itself (...). As a representative of the Court of Accounts of the Republic of Moldova, I express a firm institutional position in support of this initiative and announce our full openness to participate in these processes together with other colleagues from the Central, Local Public Administration and Civil Society representatives.
During the the second panel, discussions took place at the level of experts, based on the statements and opinions from the first panel. Discussions focused on existing constraints and practical approaches to overcoming constraints affecting the promotion of budget participation at central and local level.
Elena Pereu, Deputy Mayor of Straseni City, said: “Our mayor's office has always opted for participatory budgeting of citizens. Any draft budget, annual development plan, local political document is developed with the participation and consultation of citizens. In the permanent agenda of the authorities are included the meetings with citiziens from all across the area and neighborhood, before starting any project. We mention that we have a Regulation with the financial participation of the citizens in projects from the locality, and 70% is the sum of the contributing citizens and 30 from the local budget. We have also signed a collaboration agreement with local public associations, for a better collaboration. Due to the support of the project, the Local Coalition was created and the Memorandum of Cooperation was signed. All the activities within the project strengthen the capacity of local public authorities for better governance, which is focused on the needs and interests of citizens ”.
"The city of Cahul was the first locality in the country whose authorities in 2007, at our initiative, of the civil society, approved a percentage of the local budget for project competition (...). A budget participation regulation was approved by the Council last year. For the 2020 budget, we set aside one million lei and we had up to 14 projects that are now being implemented. For 2021, we have planned about 1.3 million lei and to date we already have over 30 projects with budgets of up to 100,000 lei ", mentioned Nicolae Dandis, Mayor of Cahul Municipality.
Giovanni Allegretti, Senior Research Fellow, CSS (Center for Social Studies) - University of Coimbra, Portugal, stated: “It is important to emphasize the need to expand Local Coalitions from the local to the national level. In a society we need more coalitions because there are various important topics. Portugal has taken an important step towards participatory budgeting. Projects related to participatory budgeting have been implemented in two regions, first one is related projects related to participatory budgeting in schools and the second is related to the general state budget. But it is important to mention that the focus is on the young generation and one of the reasons is that since 2014 a network of mayors has been created, which actively deals with budget participation. They show the state that they are becoming more transparent and ask the state to do similar things at regional and local level. Such a model could be implemented in the Republic of Moldova as well”.
Please find the video registration of the Annual Forum for Participatory Budgeting.
The project implemented by „Expert-Grup” Independent Think-Tank as lead partener in consortium with the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung Foundation e.V. (KAS, Germany), the Institute for European Policies and Reforms (IPRE) and the Eastern European Studies Center (EESC) from Vilnius, Lithuania. The project is implemented with the financial support provided by the European Union and Konrad Adenauer Stiftung e.V.
Donor: Soros Foundation Moldova.
Implementation period: September, 2020 – August, 2022 (24 months).
About project: The project scope is to increase the level of information, awareness and capacities of young professionals and decision makers about the phenomenon of corruption and measures to diminish corruption risks and consequences in all economic sectors, by means of an academic certification course integrated into the curriculum of the Academy of Economic Studies of Moldova and open to young professionals from the public sector, financial sector and board members of the state-owned enterprises. Having in mind the sustainability of this project, the previous experience has shown that young professionals are the most interested in a certification course. These beneficiaries are more likely to be able to mobilize resources either institutionally or individually, and the long-term impact on the governance and promotion of anti-corruption practices is higher for young professionals, who at this stage of their career are generators of change.
The project goal: The project goal is to increase the level of information, awareness and capacities of I) public servants, II) financial sector employees III) State Owned Enterprises board members, IV) activists and journalists about the risks of corruption and measures to diminish corruption.
The project objectives: In order to reach the project goal, the following two key objectives will be achieved:
1. Promote the integration of the certification program on anticorruption and good governance into the university certification study programs;
2. Capacity building of 50 young professionals from public and private sectors to recognize the corruption’s risks and implement anti-corruption and integrity measures.
The main project activities:
- Setting up partnerships (October-November 2020);
- Integration of the curricula in the university certification study programs (February - March 2021);
- Developing audio-visual materials to support the curricula (January - March 2021);
- Recruiting training participants through an open call (the same methodology will be applied for the 1st and 2nd training cycle) (January - February 2021/2022);
- Participants selection (the same methodology will be applied for the 1st and 2nd training cycle) (February - March 2021/2022);
- Delivering the 3 module-course (the same methodology will be applied for the 1st and 2nd training cycle) (April - June 2021/2022);
- Course evaluation (the same methodology will be applied for the 1st and 2nd training cycle) (June - July 2021/2022).
Project impact: The achieved project objectives are intended to deliver a 3-staged impact:
I. Information and empowerment (short-term impact). The project will increase the level of information of public servants, financial sector young professionals and board members of the state-owned enterprises who participate in the course. It will also equip them with knowledge and tools to fight corruption in their current or future professional career.
II. Action (medium-term). After graduation, the informed and empowered participants will take proper actions to fight corruption and prevent corruption risks (e.g. will be able to organize the procurement process in public institutions or firms, in line with the anticorruption requirements; will organize the corporate governance structures in the departments/institutions they will be running in accordance to the anticorruption principles; will conduct research projects on anti-corruption and money laundering issues; etc.).
III. Lower corruption (long-term). Informed and empowered young professionals that are able to act and prevent or fight corruption will downsize this phenomenon over time, freeing up Moldova from one of the most pressing development constraints.
The outcome of the second round of the presidential election on Sunday 14 November saw the victory of Maia Sandu as the 6th president of Moldova, who is also the first female president of the country.
More than 1.6 million voters have opted for a change of the president. The runoff attracted the highest number of voters in the country’s history since independence, both within the country and abroad – 1.650.131 and 260.079 voters respectively. Despite the pandemic, the turnout in the runoff was only about 1% lower than in the 2016 presidential elections - 53.3%. Thus, the former Prime Minister Maia Sandu has overcome both for the 2016 defeat in the previous presidential elections, and the 2019 no-confidence vote staged by the Socialists to end her short-lived government.
The difference between Sandu and the incumbent president Igor Dodon was of more than 200.000 votes. She gained around 941.000 votes (around 57.7%), while Dodon received around 690.000 votes (around 42.2%). The biggest contributor to this outcome is the voters in the diaspora. They came in more significant numbers than in the first round (beyond 260.000 compared to around 150.000). Concomitantly, the voters from the Transnistrian region has doubled their presence establishing another record for the country – more than 30.000 voters.
An avid chess player, Igor Dodon miscalculated the movements, discounting too early the diaspora that incentivized many voters at home. The rampant discourse adopted by him did not pay off and backfired against him. Sandu’s decision not to confront Dodon in a one-on-one electoral debate also saved her from additional complications. At the same time, her intense communications with the opposition, local and foreign, and Russian-speaking media has destroyed the false myths with which Dodon’s disinformation campaign attempted to inoculate in public. This way, the allegations that Sandu wants to eradicate the Russian language or destroy the relations with Russia lost traction. Consequently, the voters of the losing candidates from the first round channelled more to Sandu than to Dodon. It is also true that some categories of voters have mobilized against Dodon and voting the less evil.
More than 200 irregularities occurred in the day of elections. Almost half of them were related to voter bussing from the Transnistrian region. The electoral authorities did not confirm these cases, waiting for the investigation of the police. At the same time, some Russian-speaking media close to Igor Dodon has speculated that vote-buying and organized transportation of the voters took place abroad. None of these allegations confirmed. The diaspora self-mobilized and used various means to reach the polling stations, including by helping each other. At several polling stations abroad, such as Frankfurt, London, the voting ballots (maximum 5.000 per station) was exhausted by the end of the voting time.
The Central Electoral Commission should confirm the final results and only then the Constitutional Court will able to approve the outcome, opening the door to the presidency for Maia Sandu.
What are the scenarios to come?
Winning the presidency is just the beginning of a chain of actions that Maia Sandu, as elected president, and her Action and Solidarity Party, have to undertake to succeed a very ambitious reform agenda. Realistically speaking, the lack of political support in the executive and the parliament can weaken her mandate. The presidency will inevitably face one of three scenarios.
Crisis mode. The competences of the president are limited, and it is toothless without allies in other key-institutions. Therefore, Maia Sandu has to build partnerships in the existing parliament in order to start implementing her electoral promised while preparing the country for early elections. If she fails to build the necessary coalitions in the parliament, then tensions between the presidency and the parliament and executive will become frequent. That may spoil the high expectations from Sandu’s mandate and drag the presidency into interminable inter-institutional and political clashes.
Cooperative mode. A favourable scenario for Sandu could be if she builds any functional coalition in the parliament (at least 51 MPs). A ‘Frankenstein coalition’ with factions formed of pro-reform and pro-EU parliamentarians, together with those who belonged to kleptocrat networks or served the pre-2019 oligarchic regimes, could become a catastrophe. However, if such a temporary coalition served to dissolve the outdated parliament, Sandu and her political allies could give approval.
Neither, nor… Balancing between hyper-optimistic and adverse scenarios has a high probability. Sandu has a rather modest experience in foreign policy and has a mixed experience when dealing with domestic issues. Thus, having a careful approach with a strategic calculus could be the optimal path to walk. She needs to firstly consolidate her position as president and apply her most relevant competencies properly – in foreign and security policy – and only after that embark on more complicated actions involving the executive and the parliament. Her mandate will have adversaries at home in the form of Igor Dodon and the Socialists Party, and abroad if Russia will feel disrespected. The latter may happen regardless of what Sandu does. Therefore, before making radical changes in the foreign policy towards the East, she will need to put in order the relations with the West, in Brussels and with the upcoming presidency of Joe Biden in the US.
The presidency of Maia Sandu opens up many opportunities to start a more extensive process of political reform. To this end, she should select wisely her team (which can only be her presidential staff, since she cannot appoint ministers, even for foreign policy) and not rush into decision-making over the foreign policy and security issues. Mistakes would have political consequences, translating into the voting for a new parliament.
Unul dintre principalele motive de stagnare a dezvoltării localităților din Republica Moldova este lipsa resurselor financiare de care dispun Autoritățile Publice Locale (APL) pentru proiecte investiționale. În acest sens, obligațiunile municipale sunt acel instrument prin intermediul cărora primăriile ar putea obține bani pentru realizarea diferitor proiecte necesare localităților. Cu toate acestea, până în prezent, nicio primărie din țară nu a recurs la acestea, printre motive fiind faptul că procesul în sine este unul complex, iar potențialii investitorii sunt demotivați de regimul fiscal nefavorabil în comparație cu alte instrumente financiare.
Pentru a ajuta APL-urile să folosească acest instrument și, totodată, a contribui la eficientizarea legislației naționale privind emiterea obligațiunilor municipale, Centru Analitic Independent „Expert-Grup” a realizat Studiul „Obligațiunile municipale - instrument de dezvoltare a comunităților locale”, în cadrul proiectului „Obligațiunile guvernamentale locale - ca măsură de sporire a autonomiei locale”, implementat cu suportul Ambasadei Regatului Țărilor de Jos în Republica Moldova. Studiul a fost prezentat astăzi, în cadrul unui eveniment public online.
Adrian Lupușor, director executiv, Centrul Analitic Independent „Expert-Grup”: „Scopul acestui proiect este să sporim capacitățile APL-urilor în emiterea obligațiunilor municipale, pentru a finanța investițiile capitale în concordanță cu prioritățile locale și practicile de bună guvernare”.
Tatiana Ivanicichina, secretară de stat a Ministerului Finanțelor: „Susținem ca APL-urile să beneficieze de instrumente de finanțare sustenabilă, astfel încât acestea să nu depindă doar de finanțările de la bugetul de stat sau de la băncile comerciale”.
Ecaterina Vâlcu, reprezentantă a Ambasadei Regatului Țărilor de Jos în Republica Moldova: „Autonomia financiară a APL-urilor este un element cheie pentru eficientizarea acestora. Scopul proiectului este nu doar de a oferi suport APL-urilor în procesul de emisie a obligațiunilor, dar și în managementul transparent și eficient al acestor resurse”.
APL-urile pot emite obligațiuni pentru finanțarea unor investiții capitale, cum ar fi:
• Sisteme de apeduct;
• Sisteme de canalizare și stații de epurare;
• Colectarea deșeurilor menajere;
• Parcări cu taxă ș.a.
Viorel Furduiu, președintele Congresului Autorităților Locale din Moldova (CALM): „Cred că există un suficient pachet de inițiative și propuneri în direcția acesta e un instrument modern și necesar de implementat. Acest instrument e în strânsă legătură cu procesul de asigurare a unei autonomii financiare a APL-urilor”.
Nina Dosca, vicepreședintă a Consiliului de Administrare a Comisiei Naționale a Pieței Financiare (CNPF): „Un rol foarte important pentru demararea procesului este și interesul profesional din partea APL-urilor de a studia acest instrument și a atrage investițiile necesare în localități”.
Autorii studiului vin cu o serie de propuneri, pentru ca acest instrument să fie mai accesibil atât pentru autoritățile locale, cât și pentru potențialii investitori:
• Uniformizarea regimului fiscal aferent investițiilor în valori mobiliare;
• Stabilirea posibilității privind emisiunea de obligațiuni în valută străină;
• Extinderea până la 30% a limitei de îndatorare pentru anumite APL;
• Dezvoltarea unui program de promovare obligațiunilor municipale.
În cadrul acestui proiect, „Expert-Grup” lansează și un concurs pentru selectarea a trei APL-uri care vor beneficia de suportul organizației noastre privind emisiunea obligațiunilor municipale și gestionarea eficientă și transparentă a acestora. Îndemnăm reprezentanții APL-urilor să urmărească pagina web și paginile de pe rețelele de socializare a Centrului Analitic Independent „Expert-Grup” pentru a afla detalii despre posibilitățile de participare.