Following recent discussions about the inefficiency of the Research, Development and Innovation (RDI) sector in Moldova, recently a draft law on the Academy of Science of Moldova (ASM) was elaborated. Currently ASM's activity is regulated by the Code on Science and Innovation, under which ASM is the main authority in the field, "plenipotentiary coordinator of scientific activity and innovation", responsible for all aspects of RDI (policy development, implementation, monitoring, reporting, determining research priorities, funding and distribution of the budgetary resources). Such an arrangement creates moral hazard and determines the inefficiency of RDI sector. The draft law intends to remove some of these drawbacks by placing ASM in another context, more in line with an economy based on competition. This analysis tries to identify implications of the draft law.
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