The Independent Think Tanks, Expert-Grup and ADEPT, present the results of their study “Euromonitor: First Achievements and Difficulties in Implementing Moldova-European Union (EU) Association Agreement”. The report covers commitments undertaken by national authorities in 23 political areas, 15 fields related to economic and sector cooperation and 10 fields related to Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA). It was conducted with support from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), under FHI 360’s Moldova Partnerships for Sustainable Civil Society (MPSCS) program.
In the last 12 months, 765 actions were to be implemented within the National Action Plan under the EU-Moldova Association Agreement (AA). Out of the total actions, 21% (161) were completed, 68% (520) are still being implemented and 11% (84) failed to be implemented.
Main achievements implementing the EU-Moldova AA include: adopting the Act on disciplinary liability of judges; adopting amendments to the Electoral Code that will improve financial reporting of political parties during elections; diminishing the number of torture-related complaints; and increasing the percentage of criminal cases sent to court by indictment.
Ratification of the EU Programme for the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises for 2014-2020 (COSME) is another major accomplishment, which will facilitate better access to financing for SMEs and establish better conditions to create businesses. In addition, the Moldovan Government and European Commission signed an agreement, which will provide funding to implement the European Neighborhood Programme for Agriculture and Rural Development (ENPARD) in Moldova.
Main failures implementing the EU-Moldova AA include the lack of sound actions from the Government in addressing the banking crisis and freezing financial and technical assistance from the country’s main donors. There continues to be uncertainty regarding implementation of the AA/DCFTA in the Transnistrian region.
Authorities also failed to adopt legislation needed to reform the Prosecutors’ Office and the National Commission of Integrity, and allowed delays in reforming the Office of the Ombudsman. Further, the Moldovan government failed to adjust the national legislation to EU’s Third Energy Package, which would open up the local gas and electricity markets.
This report has been developed by ADEPT and Expert-Grup with the support of the US Agency for International Development (USAID) through the East European Foundation and FHI 360. This study is made possible by the generous support of the American people through the US Agency for International Development (USAID). The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID, the US government, FHI 360 and / or East European Foundation.